Hypertension is a common problem in cats older than 7 years, it is considered that 1 in 6 cats presents it and although it is usually secondary to a main problem, in some cases we can also find primary hypertension.
What are the main causes of high blood pressure?
- Renal disease
- Heart disease
– Exocrine diseases such as hyperadrenocorticism (Cushing) and Acromegaly.
What organs does it affect?
EYES: causing intraocular hemorrhages and retinal detachment, leading to vision loss that is often irreversible.
HEART: in case of chronic hypertension, it could in severe cases produce congestive heart failure, which causes respiratory problems accompanied by fatigue.
BRAIN AND NERVOUS SYSTEM: directly affecting behavior and gait, in many cases leading to coma.
KIDNEYS: directly affects kidney function in healthy animals, and worsens those already diagnosed with kidney failure.
How can you know if your cat has hypertension?
Normally, the symptoms are associated with the primary disease with signs such as hyperactivity and weight loss in the case of hyperthyroidism, or being calmer than normal and disoriented, leading us to suspect that they have visual problems.
In many cases, the signs are so mild that at home they do not realize that they have hypertension until they have an eye hemorrhage that triggers blindness.
To diagnose hypertension we have a Doppler that, as in human medicine, helps us to measure pressure quickly and easily and thus be able to have an accurate result in a few minutes. It is a non-invasive and painless method, it is performed by placing a measuring sleeve in the area where you want to measure the tension, either in the extremities or in the tail. For this you must go 15 minutes in advance so that you can relax and feel comfortable in our area. cat friendly and thus achieve real results without stress.
And what if your cat is hypertensive?
We will first treat hypertension with drugs that are designed to regulate pressure. At the same time, we will have to do some complementary tests to help us find a primary cause (kidney disease, hyperthyroidism, heart disease, etc.). This will allow us to treat the disease, control hypertension and thus give your pet a quality of life that will allow him to live a healthier life for longer.